Clonazepam (Klonopin, Rivotril)

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Clonazepam, sold under the brand name Klonopin among others, is a medication used to prevent and treat seizures, panic disorder, and for the movement disorder known as akathisia. It is a tranquilizer of the benzodiazepine class.It is taken by mouth.It begins having an effect within an hour and lasts between 6 and 12 hours.

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Description

What is Clonazepam?

Clonazepam belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines. In general, benzodiazepines are used to induce sedation or reduce convulsions or anxiety. Clonazepam is used to treat convulsive disorders. It works by slowing the activity of the nerves in the brain (ie the central nervous system).

This medicine is available under various brand names or in different presentations. A specific brand of this medication may not be available in all forms or approved for all conditions mentioned here.

Do not give this medicine to anyone, even someone who has the same symptoms as yours. This medication may be harmful to people for whom it has not been prescribed.

In what forms does Clonazepam occur?

Rivotril 1mg, 2mg

Klonopin 1mg, 2mg

How should Clonazepam be used?

The dose of clonazepam depends on the amount required to control convulsions and varies from person to person. It is important that the dose is individualized to your personal needs to avoid excessive sedation or motor disturbance.

The initial daily dose of clonazepam recommended for an adult should not exceed 1.5 mg taken in 3 divided doses. This helps reduce drowsiness and other side effects. Your doctor will increase the dose gradually until your seizures are under control. The recommended daily maintenance dose of clonazepam for an adult is between 8 mg and 10 mg taken in 3 divided doses.

Until children are 10 years old, or until they weigh 30 kg, the daily dose given to them is based on their body weight. The starting dose should be calculated according to the formula (0.01 mg to 0.03 mg per kg of body weight) and divided between 2 or 3 times. The maximum starting dose should not exceed 0.05 mg per kilogram of body weight per day. The doctor will gradually increase the dose until the seizures of the child disappear. In general, the maintenance dose is between 0.1 mg and 0.2 mg per kilogram of body weight.

Consult your doctor if you experience these side effects and if they are serious or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to give you advice on what to do if these side effects occur:
an increase in saliva;
dizziness or lightheadedness
muscle weakness
unusual tiredness or weakness;
clumsiness or instability;
a delayed reaction;
drowsiness.

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